Epimedium belongs to the family of Barbaris. Currently there are about 50 species of the genus Epimedium. In nature, most of them are found in mountainous mixed or deciduous forests, on forest edges and in the bushes in East Asia (Russian Far East, China, Korea, Japan), and only 6 species grow in the Mediterranean and the Caucasus. This medium-sized (10-40 cm tall) perennial plant with long slender rhizomes, thus form a thick curtain. Their leaves are composed of several ovate lobes, often drawn from the tip and cordate base. Young leaves are tender, often have a reddish tinge. The texture of them quickly becomes a dense, almost leathery, so they are retained until late autumn. Several species of Epimedium winters with leaves.
Epimedium prefer a rich humus, nourishing loose soil with good drainage and a shady place. Epimedium flowers resemble stars with four rays or graceful spiders. They are very small (1.2-2cm), collected in a racemose inflorescence. Colored in yellow, purple and white tones, there are two color types, such as lilac and white or brownish-yellow. Epimedium modern varieties payday loans online, in addition to those listed, include also the copper-orange, apricot and pink hues. In Germany and Holland they are called "flowers of the elves, so airy and striking their petals.
In ornamental horticulture European species of Epimedium used since the end of the XVIII century. "Asians" have appeared in the gardens of Europe later. Gardeners have one of the first hybrids - Gorjanki colorful (E. x versicolor), cross-evergreen species from Turkey - Gorjanki Colchic (E. colchicum) and deciduous species from China - Gorjanki large-(E. grandiflorum). The most famous one of the oldest cultivars Gorjanki colorful - "Sulphureum" ("sulfur-yellow) with a pale golden color. This plant is valued for gardeners significant resistance to the bright sunlight. In horticulture, especially appreciated Epimedium lush (Epimedium x youngianum). Its leaves turn in autumn copper-red color.
These plants do not require special efforts. They prefer a shady or half-shaded place and loose, fertile, well-drained soil. Under the conditions of middle Russia epimedium bad winter under cover of fallen leaves and lapnikom. Species that go under the snow with the leaves in the spring look untidy. Their curtain, immediately after the removal of shelter, clean. True, we should not forget that it is easy to freeze damage young leaves, shoots and flower stalks. Therefore, for better root growth and protection from frost, thickets Gorjanki fall and spring mulch with compost. In the warm season, when little rain falls, they must be watered.
Diluted Epimedium mostly vegetatively - part of a rhizome in August and early September. Segments of rhizomes with 2-3 buds are planted into the wells with a depth of 4-6cm. In the year of transplant plants for the winter shelter necessarily dry leaves. Under favorable conditions Gorjanki develop rapidly and the second year form a dense carpet. At one place they are being held without a rejuvenation of 4-5 years. When the central part of the curtain begins to age, the plants re-divided and transplanted.
Peak decorative epimedium in the spring and early summer (flowering), and in autumn (colored leaves). Gorjanki better suited to planting sites for trees and shrubs - in the shady rock garden on the banks of decorated stone ponds. Plants have groups in the vicinity of the hosts, primrose, tiarelloy, Lungwort, ferns. Nice match with some grasses and melkolukovichnymi species.